This is caused by gravity pushing the heavier and colder air away from the polar region. December is typically marked by sunshine and blue skies with increasing hours of daylight. Days are becoming longer, reaching their maximum capacity soon. Davis weather in December 2020. Antarctica in December. If you travel to the Antarctic Peninsula during January, which is summertime, you can expect an average temperature of 1 to 2 degrees Celsius (33.8 to 35.6 degrees Fahrenheit). The coldest temperature ever recorded on earth was in Antarctica in 1983, with -89.2°C (-128.6°F) at Soviet Vostok Station in inland Princess Elizabeth Land. After that, the sun is extinguished, the ice pack spreads outward, and a kind of primeval darkness settles over the region, like an impenetrable mantle that only lifts in late September. Contact one of our Destination Specialists to start planning your journey. Based on water temperature observations over the past ten years, the warmest sea in Antarctica in July was -1.8°C/28.8°F, and the coldest -1.9°C/28.6°F You can choose the units of measurement for displaying data - in Celsius or Fahrenheit The average winter daily temperature in the absolute coldest regions is around -60°C to -65°C (-76°F to -85°F) Can you visit in the winter? The summer sun bathes the continent in 20-24 hours of daylight in December, making it a popular time to visit. Averages in central regions are between -57 and -66 °C (-71…-81 °F). The amount of rain in December is extremely low with an average of 1mm (0.0in). 3°C max day temperature. Weather Antarctica. Cold season / winter is in the months January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November and December. The difference in the average temperature from one year to another can be as high as 4 °C (7 °F). “Normally we see the first NLCs of the southern season around Nov. 21st,” says Cora Randall of the University of Colorado’s Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics (LASP). In December sea water temperature throughout Antarctica is not yet warm enough for swimming and does not exceed 20°C/68°F. Water crystallizing around specks of meteor dust 83 km above Earth’s surface creates beautiful electric-blue structures, typically visible from November to February in the south, and May to August in the north. January, like December, is a freezing cold summer month in McMurdo, Antarctica, with temperature in the range of an average low of -5.5°C (22.1°F) and an average high of -0.2°C (31.6°F).With an average high-temperature of -0.2°C (31.6°F) and an average low-temperature of -5.5°C (22.1°F), January is the warmest month. Dec. 2, 2020: Consider it the tip of the iceberg. Temperatures are colder as Antarctica eases out of winter; average daytime temps of 15-20 degrees Fahrenheit. Summer in Antarctica begins on December 21. Low clouds. (2)  The air above Antarctica is currently at record cold levels for this time of year–the result of an icy polar vortex that refuses to break up. By Brandon Specktor - Senior Writer 14 February 2020 Temperatures in Antarctica reportedly reached 69.35 degrees Fahrenheit last week, just days after setting another record high of 64.9 F. Antarctica has exceeded 20C for the first time, after researchers logged a temperature of 20.75C on an island off the coast of the peninsula. The climate of Antarctica is the coldest on Earth.The continent is also extremely dry (it is technically a desert), averaging 166 mm (6.5 in) of precipitation per year. And the pole is not the coldest point on Earth. “But this year, it’s already December and we’re still waiting.” Above: What a different one year makes. Weather forecast for every country in Antarctica. What’s causing the delay? Antarctica’s environment has special conditions that make it the windiest continent on Earth. The climate in the Antarctic Peninsula is much milder than most people would imagine because it is located near the most northerly part of Antarctica.. Cold season / winter is in the months January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November and December. On February 6, 2020, weather stations recorded the hottest temperature on record for Antarctica. 14-day forecast. The average annual maximum temperature is: -50.5° Celsius (-58.9° Fahrenheit) What is the average temperature in Antarctica? The picture is actually on Cape Denison, as the report makes clear: GISS Surface Temperature Analysis (GISTEMP) is available from 1880 to 2019 at https://data.giss.nasa.gov/gistemp/. January and December, with an average high-temperature of 3°C (37.4°F), are the warmest months. More about our weather records Esperanza Base Weather History for December 3, 2020 Show weather for: Previous 24 hours December 3, 2020 December 2, 2020 December 1, 2020 November 30, 2020 November 29, 2020 November 28, 2020 November 27, 2020 November 26, 2020 November 25, 2020 November 24, 2020 November 23, 2020 November 22, 2020 … No. Required fields are marked *, Strange Antarctic Weather Extends to the Edge of Space. The lowest recorded Antarctic temperature was taken at Vostok Station in July 1983: -89.2°C (-128.6°F). Annual average 2-m temperature anomalies in the Arctic (67°N+) for various reanalysis data sets. the low? This is the time of strong katabatic winds and polar night. NASA’s AIM spacecraft took these pictures of NLCs over Antarctica on Nov. 29, 2019 (left) and Nov. 29, 2020 (right) Missing NLCs is just one of the curious weather patterns currently underway at the southern end of our planet. Temperatures are reaching their warmest, as the height of the summer sets in. Of course, temperature is only one piece of the antarctic weather puzzle. The West Antarctic ice sheet has warmed by more than 0.1 °C/decade in the last 50 years, with most of the warming occurring in winter and spring. The lowest recorded Antarctic temperature was taken at Vostok Station in July 1983: -89.2°C (-128.6°F). December averages based on the coast (it is much colder near the South Pole!) Winter comes to Antarctica at Match and lasts to October. For example, the temperatures of the warmest waters near the sea bed in the Bellingshausen sea have warmed from about 0.8C in the 1970s to about 1.2C in the 2010s. Current weather in Antarctica, with temperatures in 16 cities, including high and low temperatures for the country. On average, the warmest month is December. A record high temperature of 18.3C (64.9F) has been logged on the continent of Antarctica. With rising temperatures and almost constant sunlight, December is considered the very best time to visit Antarctica. Snow rarely melts on most parts of the continent, and, after being compressed, becomes the glacier ice that makes up the ice sheet. Newly analysed Nasa satellite data from east Antarctica shows Earth has set a new record for coldest temperature ever recorded: -94.7C (-135.8F).. More about our weather records Esperanza Base Weather History for December 2, 2020 Show weather for: Previous 24 hours December 3, 2020 December 2, 2020 December 1, 2020 November 30, 2020 November 29, 2020 November 28, 2020 November 27, 2020 November 26, 2020 November 25, 2020 November 24, 2020 November 23, 2020 November 22, 2020 … 14-day forecast. The warm spell caused widespread melting on nearby glaciers. (Weather station: Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station, Antarctica). Coastal areas are much warmer with -8 °C (18 °F) and -35 °C (-31 °F) in the borders of plateau. Get the monthly weather forecast for McMurdo Station, Antarctica, Antarctica, including daily high/low, historical averages, to help you plan ahead. Wintering scientists look forward to visitors. Antarctica only has two seasons: summer and winter. Missing NLCs is just one of the curious weather patterns currently underway at the southern end of our planet. Answer to: What is the average temperature in Antarctica in December? Skiing and snowshoeing can be offered in the early season as an activity option on select vessels and itineraries. The temperature difference between the two air masses can be as much as 50°F. It is categorized primarily by its extreme cold and lack of precipitation. Wind. Your email address will not be published. Seal pups are roaming the coastline in search for food and there’s finally a decent increase in temperature. The penguin eggs laid just a month before start hatching now. 14-day forecast for Antarctica The cold record is -38.4 °C (-37.1 °F). An exciting transitional month for South America and Antarctica travel, December builds up to tourist peak season yet the rewards, especially in the first two weeks, are jaw-dropping. Thermometers at the Esperanza Base on the northern tip of the Antarctic Peninsula reached 18.3°C (64.9°F)—around the same temperature as Los Angeles that day. On average, the coolest month is August. In July sea water temperature throughout Antarctica is not yet warm enough for swimming and does not exceed 20°C/68°F. December is considered the best time of year to visit Antarctica and is therefore the most popular - … Thermometers at the Esperanza Base on the northern tip of the Antarctic Peninsula reached 18.3°C (64.9°F)—around the same temperature as Los Angeles that day. The continent-wide average surface temperature trend of Antarctica is positive and significant at >0.05 °C/decade since 1957. Glaciers calve, whales return from the tropics, and research activity increases. Noctilucent clouds (NLCs) over the south pole are AWOL. The lowest South Pole temperature is from June 23, 1982: -82.8°C (-117.0°F). It is possible to spend Christmas in Antarctica surrounded by spectacular ice formations, or visiting busy penguin rookeries - there are few better ways to spend it! On average, the coolest month is August. Updated weather maps Antarctica. An icy polar vortex results in record-breaking cold air above Antarctica. “La Nina strengthened in October, and this is known to affect large-scale circulation in the atmosphere (e.g., Butler et al., 2011; Lin & Qian, 2019).”, “It’s blowing the scale away this year,” says Hampton University professor James Russell, principal investigator for NASA’s AIM spacecraft, which monitors noctilucent clouds. The average annual maximum temperature is: -50.5° Celsius (-58.9° Fahrenheit) 3. Climate is cyclic, never linear. Antarctica is usually surrounded by a belt of low pressure containing multiple low centres -- the circumpolar trough. If verified, the temperature of 18.3°C logged this week at an Argentinian weather base in northern Antarctica, could be a record high for the continent. But the absence of NLCs is just one of the curious weather phenomena currently underway on Earth’s southernmost continent. Daily low temperatures increase by 5°F , from 20°F to 25°F , rarely falling below 13°F or exceeding 31°F . A temperature inversion is common in the interior. The coldest part of the continent is found in the interior. Severe low temperatures vary with latitude, elevation and distance from the ocean. This weather plays a major role in any breathtaking experience in Antarctica. December is considered the best time of year to visit Antarctica and is therefore the most popular - so book early to plant your pick in the ice. January is the peak of the Antarctic summer, so you'll enjoy magical 20+ hours of sunlight each day. It varies quite a bit over the continent. Your email address will not be published. In July sea water temperature throughout Antarctica is not yet warm enough for swimming and does not exceed 20°C/68°F. The temperature increases were greater and more widespread in West Antarctica than in East Antarctica, where some areas showed little change or even a cooling trend. Weather fronts rarely penetrate far into the continent, because of the katabatic winds. Winds from the interior of Antarctica, blow toward the coast. There are normally 19 hours of bright sunshine each day in Amundsen-Scott (South Pole), Antarctica in December - that's 81% of daylight hours. By Robin Gomes A temperature recorded at an Argentine base on the northern tip of Antarctica could be a record high for the frozen continent, the United Nations weather agency has warned. Chicks are starting to hatch in the penguin rookeries on the peninsula from mid-December and whale sightings become more common as they move into the nutrient rich waters. • Browse our Antarctica holidays• Download our free Antarctica travel guide• Contact our Destination Specialist for advice, Day time average maximum temperature -0.8 degrees Centigrade, Night time minimum temperature -6 degrees Centigrade. (3) In the stratosphere, east-west winds at 60 degrees South are blowing at record speed. “But this year, it’s already December and we’re still waiting.”. Making a list: (1) Earth’s southern ozone hole is not only open, but also the biggest it’s ever been in December. Antarctica's weather also contributes to its unparalleled beauty. 14-day forecast for Antarctica Space Weather. This is the very start of the season in Antarctica, but it can be a great time to travel depending on what you want from your safari. The amount of rain in December is extremely low with an average of 1mm (0.0in). The British Antarctic survey states; ‘Around the coasts of Antarctica, temperatures are generally close to freezing in the summer (December-February) months, or even slightly positive in the northern part of the Antarctic Peninsula. Daytime temperatures usually reach -27°C in Amundsen-Scott (South Pole), Antarctica in December, falling to -29°C at night. They form when summertime wisps of water vapor rise up from the poles to the edge of space. Get the latest coronavirus (COVID-19) updates for Antarctica with current travel advice, statistics and online resources. December. December. The first month of the summer, December, is a wintry month in Snow Hill Island, Antarctica, with average temperature fluctuating between -2°C (28.4°F) and 3°C (37.4°F). Daily average temperatures reach nearly 30 degrees Fahrenheit, making this month the ideal time to see hatching penguin chicks, whales, and elephant seal pups. The Russians have a base (Vostok) on the high plateau that averages colder than the pole, and also has the coldest recorded temperature … Antarctica is classified into three basic climate regions: the peninsula, coastal regions, and the interior. See average monthly temperatures below. At the coast, temperatures can drop below -40 degrees, and inland it can drop as low as -112 degrees. Because it's located in the southern hemisphere, Antarctica's summer is from October to February. Lynn Harvey, also at LASP, gathered these plots from the Goddard Space Flight Center showing some of the unusual meteorology: “Based on the trends, I would say noctilucent clouds might not appear until mid-December, which is pretty unusual,” says Harvey. The coldest temperature ever recorded was at the Vostok research station, east of the South Pole; in July, 1983 the temperature reached -129 degrees Fahrenheit, creating a new world low. This is when cold air is trapped under a layer of warmer air. In Antarctica, temperature variations from year to year are considerable: the standard deviation of the mean annual temperature is generally around 0.61/1.56 °C (1/2.8 °F), while for example it's 0.5 °C (0.9 °F) in London. On average, the warmest month is December. However, this is Antarctica and the odd whiteout can still occur. Answer to: What is the temperature in Antarctica in December? Based on average water temperature observations over the past ten years, the warmest sea in Antarctica in December was -1.3°C/29.7°F (in Marambio Base), and the coldest water -1.6°C/29.1°F (in McMurdo). Their appearance over Antarctica in 2020 is now seriously overdue. In the northern hemisphere, December 21 is the first day of winter. Lower altitude West Antarctica and closer to the coast in East Antarctica, approx. Sign up to our newsletter to get all the latest news & info, 2nd Floor Office, 130A Western Road, Brighton, BN1 2LA, Granta Lodge, 71 Graham Road, Worcs, WR14 2JS. 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